1) Istanbul is the only city in the world that stands astride two continents. The main part of the city, which forms the south-easternmost extremity of Europe, is separated from its suburbs in Asia by the Bosphorus, which flows through a deep cleft that separates the two continents in the north-western corner of Turkey. The European part of the city is further divided by the Golden Horn, a scimitar shaped estuary fed at its upper end by two streams.
Q1:What effects did this almost unsurpassable natural setting have upon the history of the city from its founding in c. 658 B.C.?
The effects of this unique geography on the development of the city can be demonstrated through several major events from its history:
First, as legend says, when Byzas (the son of Zeus and Keroessa) asked the Oracle of Delphi where he should settle, her answer was “opposite the blind.” Sailing across the Bosporus in 658 B.C., he arrived to a Greek colony at the Asian shore and saw the potential of the west (European) side. The answer to the Delphi’s enigma was thus that the settlers in the East shore were blind to the spot, where Byzantium (the first settlement, which was ruined in approximately 200 AD) was established.
The Great Wall of China is one of the most ancient constructions on Earth. Moreover, it is the longest man-made military projects in the world. Today, the Great Wall of China is the symbol of the Chinese people representing the hardworking spirit of the people. The length of the wall is 4,000 miles and it is built with stone and earthen fortifications. For more than 10 centuries, the wall has been built and rebuilt multiple times to protect the northern borders of China from attacks by the nomadic tribes.
The below paper is going to provide an in-depth analysis of the conflict in the Middle East between Israel and the Palestine. At the beginning of the paper the history of the conflict will be presented followed by the main current issues of dispute. This will be followed by information about how the conflict, and suffering in particular, is represented by media around the world. The paper will also discuss such concepts as Zionism and anti-Semitism, relating them to the conflict between Israel and Palestine. Additionally, the papers will touch upon two recent big happenings in the history of the dispute: the kidnapping of Gilad Shalit and the destruction of Abu Aisha building in Jerusalem. It has to be mentioned that the paper deals with a very controversial and very difficult topic, the point of the paper is not to take a side of one of the countries, but to provide information on the conflict that is objective and unpretentious.
Nineteenth century was a time of remarkable growth and expansion in America. It was the century when America had grown with the addition of Texas, Louisiana and the land added through the war with Mexico. It was the century marked by the migration of settlers to the West of the continent because of the gold rush and desire for novelties. The century was also marked by the controversy surrounding the flourishing of slavery. Without a shadow of doubt, rapid American expansion in the century had a strong impact on the American nation. In my paper I would like to discuss whether the expansion from 1800 to 1848 was an overall beneficial process or it had been achieved at an unreasonably high cost for the American nation.
In order to agree or disagree with the above argument I find it useful to mention the examples of American expansion activities. Then I would like to analyze these examples and see their positive and negative effect. All this would make it possible for a relevant conclusion to be drawn.
The following paper will summarize and evaluate an article called “”Messiah” and Progress in Victorian England” written by Howard E. Smither, published in Early Music Magazine.
The author starts off the article by introducing the reader to the fact that the role played by Handel’s Messiah in the life of the English people is rather big and is well reflected in various journals. Moreover, Messiah is often treated as a part of the ‘progresses of sacred choral music. Such opinions were spread in London as well as other cities of Great Britain. The rest of the article is used to explain the above arguments to the reader.